Understanding the Six Coaching Factors
The Troutwine Athletic Profile, more commonly known as the TAP, is the result of years of work by Dr. Robert Troutwine. Through his experiences with and evaluations of thousands of elite level athletes, Dr. Troutwine developed the TAP to help organizations find the athletes that best fit the culture they were trying to establish and maintain.
Now, in his work with AthleteTypes, Dr. Troutwine has created reports that allow coaches at any level to gain unique insight about their players. Detailed in these reports is what Dr. Troutwine calls the 6 Coaching Factors.
So what are the 6 Coaching Factors, and how can they help a coach better understand their players and get more out of them? Here is a quick and understandable break down of each coaching factor and how they can be used:
The mental makeup section is jam-packed with some of the most important information a coach can have about their player.
Every player’s mental makeup section will give coaches insight into a multitude of things. This includes critical information about how the athlete solves problems, if they are more practical or abstract thinkers, and even if they prefer tangible or visual avenues for learning.
Not only that, there is even more information about the athlete’s study habits, their attention to detail, and the level of complexity of instruction they can handle.
For a coach, there’s even information on how they like to be shown new techniques — breaking down if the athlete wants to be told how to do it as opposed to wanting to tackle new things in a hands-on approach.
Example of Mental Makeup
Johnny is a good problem solver, can analyze information. He is very practical in thinking and learning, both in sports and in classes. The profile indicates a preference for tangible kinds of learning situations like hands-on practice. Johnny shows promise in staying with a subject and learning it on his own. He has developed some effective study habits he should be able to apply in both sports and in school. The profile shows typical or average thoroughness with details. Results show he can decide fairly quickly.
The mental makeup section includes all of that information, plus insight into how quickly the athlete can make decisions, how likely they are to stick to things when the going gets tough, and how well they are able to retain information that is presented to them.
Just like the name suggests, this coaching factor is entirely tuned to the social building blocks that make up the player it is describing.
This social style section lays out information about how sociable or socially inclined an athlete is, as well as their comfort level when they around others.
A coach can find out if a player has a preference for being around people or having more time to themselves.
Example of Social Style
Being around lots of people or involved in large groups is not something Johnny wants or cares about. Johnny is at ease with people, confident on the inside when interacting socially. Friends and teammates will see him as group-oriented, going along with the group. In interacting with others, Johnny is fairly accepting and non-judgemental of others, even if they are different from him.
More importantly, the social style will describe how team-oriented an athlete is, and their ability to be able to co-exist with their teammates. The confidence the athlete possesses when meeting new people is also included, and how likely they are to judge or tolerate people they have differences with.
The personal characteristics section provides a deep dive into some key points of an athlete and how they handle themselves.
For a coach, there is information about the emotional maturity and ease in which the athlete will get upset.
There is also a great amount of information on the self-esteem and self-worth an athlete possesses.
Example of Personal Characteristics
Johnny tends to lack emotional maturity. Events are going to cause him to be easily frustrated. Internally, he has high self-esteem and self-worth. Off the field, Johnny has average or decent decision making. While Johnny likes to have some fun, he should not get into serious trouble. Finally, results show a tendency to accept helpful counsel.
A coach and player can greatly benefit from this section, as it also explains how likely the athlete is to listen and implement suggestions and advice from others, and the type of decisions they make off of the field.
Taking the information from all of the preceding sections, the coaching suggestions is exactly what it sounds like it would be.
Dr. Troutwine uses the information from the above sections and offers tips for how coaches can interpret the information and implement in the way they coach that particular athlete.
Example of Coaching Suggestions
The coach should remember Johnny can reason and absorb information. Internally, he is about average in self-esteem. Expect Johnny to retain what you tell them and improve with reps. The coach can ride Johnny fairly hard. Johnny should be easy to motivate.
Now that the coach has plenty of information about the inner-workings of the player and how to handle them best, the performance tendency section is meant to explain to a coach what to expect from an athlete when they are in competition.
This section boils down the nitty-gritty of how an athlete performs, describing things like their desire to win.
The performance tendency section also details how physically intense a player is willing to be, how they respond to tough situations (do they lose their cool or make excuses?), and how likely they are to commit an error or make a mistake, especially when under pressure.
Example of Performance Tendencies
Johnny is at least average in the desire to win. He scored average in physical intensity. In tough situations, like a strong opponent, there is a tendency to lose one’s cool. Results indicate there should be few, if any mental blunders. Johnny makes good reads or decisions, but needs help with trusting his instincts.
With the information from this section, a coach is able to know how their player is most likely to react in-game situations based on the athlete’s instincts, and the likelihood of that athlete making a mental mistake during competition.
Example of Conclusions
A weakness of his profile was consistency. Competitiveness is an attribute shown in this profile. Johnny should show a solid work ethic. Finally, this profile shows Johnny is fairly average mentally in the ability to concentrate.
Acting as the bow that ties the entire 6 Coaching Factors together, the conclusion section is a quick recap of everything a coach needs to know on how to deal with the athlete whose report they are currently looking over.